Solar Cell Technology Fundamentals

Instructor:Masamba Kah

Course Summary

This course is an introduction to the main technological operations used in the industry for solar cell production. The course starts with the fundametal techniques used for extractiion, growth and purification of initial materials, which include Czochralski crystal growth process, thin film structures, organic materials and so on. The students will learn about cutting, grinding and polishing, contact manufactring methods according to calculations based on work surface shadowing of the photovoltaic elements. They will also become aquinted with techniques used to increase the amount of light used by the solar cell, protective and thermo-regulative coatings which are used to prevent degradation and stabilise operations of the solar panels as well as increase their efficiency coefficient.

Having completed the course, the students will gain knowledge about all operations taking place on solar cell production plants. They will capable of choosing the right technological regimes and substances used in the process, as well as following through the line of solar cell production from raw material to the final photoelectric energy conversion device.

Course Format

Hours of lectureHours of discussionHours in laboratoryHours of independent studyTotal numbers of hours

Course Content

  1. Solar cell production process stages. Material requirements for photoelectric converters.
  2. Crystal growth methods
  3. Thin-film solar cell production
  4. Organic solar cell production
  5. Doping methods
  6. Diffusion methods
  7. Cutting, grinding and polishing
  8. Spray-coating
  9. Photolithography
  10. Anti-reflection and protective coatings
  11. Contact grid and types of contacts
  12. Output parameters quality control


Primary textbooks:

  1. M.A. Green. Third Generation Photovoltaics: Advanced Solar Energy Conversion,
  2. L.Fara, M.Yamaguchi. Advanced Solar Cell Materials, Technology, Modeling, and Simulation, 2012

Additional textbooks:

  1. X.Wang, Z.M.Wang. High-Efficiency Solar Cells: Physics, Materials, and Devices, 2014
  2. Y.Hamakawa. Thin-Film Solar Cells: Next Generation Photovoltaics and Its Applications, 2004
  3. Holger Borchert. Solar Cells Based on Colloidal Nanocrystals,2012
  4. L. Tsakalakos.Nanotechnology for Photovoltaics,2010


Class participation10%
Homework assignments20%
Midterm exam20%
Final exam50%