Synthesis of Nanomaterials and Heterostructures

Instructor:Vladimir Valentinovich Kozlov

Course Summary

The purpose of this module is to prepare specialists to engineering and research activity in the field of advanced nanomaterials and heterostructure technologies for creating nanodevices with controllable parameters. This module forms ability to define substance property with a special combination of properties (e.g., magnetic-transparent, conductive-transparent, catalytic- magnetic, etc.), called nanomaterials and heterostructures. Materials based on nano-sized metals will surely represent an adequate solution to many present and future technological demands, since they exhibit both novel properties (e.g., plasmon resonance, superparamagnetism, quantum-size effect) and unique properties combinations.

Students are expected to study the theory of metal-polymer nanocomposite synthesis, nanocrystal growth in polymers with use of IR-radiation and quantum mechanics for describing a substance in a nanocrystalline state; the synergetic effect of IR radiation; the mechanism of chemical transformation in polymers; features of substance physical and chemical properties in a nanocrystalline state; the main methods of obtaining nanomaterials and heterostructures and their properties; the nanoparticle physical and chemical theory; structure simulation; kinetic regularities, mathematical thermodynamics methods for calculating processes of nanomaterial synthesis; tendencies and perspectives of the developments in the area of micro and nanoelectronics and related areas.

Course Format

Hours of lectureHours of discussionHours of independent studyTotal numbers of hours

Please note that students are expected to study outside of class for three hours for every hour in class.

Course Content

The plan is to work through the following topics

  1. Peculiarities of nanomaterials and heterostructures
    • Properties of metal-polymer nanocomposite;
    • The main methods of obtaining nanomaterials and heterostructures;
    • Physical and chemical properties of metal-polymer nanocomposites;
    • Structure of metal-polymer nanocomposites;
  2. Methods of obtaining nanomaterials and heterostructures
    • The main types of substance in a nanocrystalline state and their properties;
    • Polymer influence on property nanocomposite;
    • Template method of synthesizing nanomaterials;
    • Cryochemical solid-state synthesis
  3. Polymer influence on property nanocomposite
    • Methods of stabilizing nanoparticles by using polymers;
    • Co-condensation methods;
    • Polymerization method under UV irradiation;
    • Metal content influence on property nanocomposite.
  4. Applications of metal-polymer nanocomposite
    • The dependence of the electrochemical potential of polyacrylonitrile thermally treated on the pH;
    • Ag/PAN nanocomposite was used for the low-temperature welding;
    • Cu/PAN nanocomposite catalysts for the low-temperature oxidation of CH3OH;
    • FeNi3/PAN nanocomposites promising for effective electromagnetic screens.

Reading List

Primary textbooks:

  1. D. Shi. Nanomaterials and Devices. Elsevier. 2014. 372 p.
  2. A.D.Pomogailo. Metal nanoparticles in polymers. M.:Nauka. 2000.
  3. S.C.Tjong, Y.-W. Mai. Physical Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites. Elsevier. 2010. 936 p.

Additional textbooks:

  1. R.S.Chaughule. Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications. Wiley, New York. 2010.
  2. Gunter Schmid. Nanoparticles: From Theory to Application. Willey. New York. 2006.

Homework Assignments

  1. Properties of substances in a nanocrystalline state
  2. Methods of obtaining nanomaterials and heterostructures
  3. Polymer influence on property nanocomposite
  4. Applications of metal-polymer nanocomposite


Class participation10%
Homework assignments30%
Midterm course work20%
Final exam40%