During the past forum held
The first practical forum for technology transfer was organized by the Business Incubator “Ingria”, the department of St. Petersburg Technopark, together with RVC and NUST MISIS. Forum participants included more than 600 representatives from the scientific community, private and public corporations, venture capital funds, the Ministry of Education and Science, and the Ministry of Economic Development. During the forum more than 50 university developers made presentations on their projects to investors and industry representatives.
Alevtina Chernikova, Rector of NUST MISIS, said, “The fact that the forum ‘Ecosystem of Innovation: Universities and Research Centers’ is taking place at NUST MISIS is no accident. Our university is not just one of the leaders in the introduction of innovative scientific and educational projects. We have gained extensive practical experience in effective cooperation in this area with the business, government, leading scientific, and research centers.”
The starting point for the presentations and discussions was the results of a study on the development of innovation ecosystems among Russian universities and research centers. In this study for the first time the main challenges and barriers of technological transfer in Russia (the study can be found via the link) were described in detail.
The way out of this situation was a new model of technology transfer centers, proposed by “Ingram” through a comparison of the best Russian and international practices. These structures need to solve the basic problem of Russian universities — currently, less than 5% of development by researchers reach the implementation stage in industry, and budget allocations for educational institutions are more than 90% at the expense of the state. The main reason for this situation is caused by a lack of effective communication and collaboration among universities, industry, and venture capital investors. As a result of a continuous transfer chain from the idea to the formation of assets and transactions for their implementation in Russia is virtually nonexistent today.
Igor Rozhdestvensky, Director of Business Incubator “Ingria”, said, “Unlike their foreign colleagues, employees at Russian universities and research centers are focused on scientific publications, presentations at conferences and do not reflect the real needs of industry. In turn, companies are not receptive to innovation, and venture capital investors are too careful about startups, established on the basis of universities.”
The proposed model consists of a standard organizational structure and job descriptions, recommendations on the organization of business processes, regulatory framework and template documents, educational programs and materials for training and staff development institutes. The model includes expert discussions among universities, industry, and venture capital investors to prepare recommendations from the Ministry of Education and Science for use in all universities throughout Russia. An agreement on the implementation of the model in the next two years has been signed by the following universities: Novgorod State University, Togliatti State University, St. Petersburg State Mining University, Samara State University, Perm State National Research University, Tver State University, Civil Engineering, SKFU, and Tomsk Polytechnic University.