Science achievements

Dangerous wild grass will be used in batteries: Scientists from NUST MISIS have turned hogweed into a material for a supercapacitor

Hogweed, which has grown over vast territories of Russia, can be useful as a material for batteries. Scientists from NUST MISIS have investigated the possibilities of fibrous substances in the plant stems. They have turned them into electrodes — elements of devices capable of storing energy. It was experimentally proven that the treated dangerous plant can successfully replace traditional sources of energy without compromising the quality of the batteries.

Human Heat to Electric Energy: New Materials Will Power Gadgets Uninterruptedly

Scientists from the National University of Science and Technology MISIS (Russia) together with their colleagues from Lulea University of Technology (Sweden) and Friedrich Schiller University Jena (Germany) developed the world’s first thermoelectric material with ordered nanotubes. Due to the polymer nature, it is flexible, and the addition of nanotubes several times increases its electrical conductivity. In the future, this material can be used to charge mobile devices without an additional power source: one such bracelet or case would allow one to charge their watch or phone directly from the heat of the human body. An article about the development is published in Advanced Functional Materials.

Scientists Develop Self-Dissolvable Antibacterial Bandages

An international team of scientists from the National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, the Central European Institute of Technology and several other universities has developed a biocompatible material with antibacterial properties. The material is planned to be used for bandaging of wound skin, for example, burns and cuts. Such bandages will have a prolonged effect, act locally and, most importantly, will not require changing. The material is self-absorbable, and a new bandage can be put directly on top of the old one. The article about the research is published in Materials and Design.

Transporting the Light Killers: Scientists Create a Unique Tandem of Organic Molecules and Nanoparticles to Fight Cancer

A team of materials scientists from NUST MISIS together with a team of chemists from MIREA-Russian Technological University have managed to combine a photosensitizer molecule (a converter capable of transmitting the energy of light quanta, available in living tissues, into oxygen and turning it into an active form and highly active radicals, which have a cytotoxic effect) with a magnetic nanoparticle to create an innovative therapeutic system to combat cancer. The nanoparticle is a controlled “locomotive” which researchers have learned to deliver locally to a tumor and track by MRI, and as a therapeutic component, the photosensitive molecule serves as an effective liquidator of pathology. The study results have already been tested in-vivo and published in the international scientific journal Journal of Colloid and Interface Science.

Metal Cells to Reduce Weight of Spacecraft and Personal Vehicles

NUST MISIS engineers have proposed an innovative strategy of an additive printing of metal parts in a complex shape: the discovered ability to print cellular structures in their basis will reduce the weight of these metal parts and give them special properties. The new additive printing will cut the metal parts’ weight in half, while allowing them to maintain their strength. This is extraordinarily promising for engineering vehicles and space crafts.

Making the Magnetic Field Visible: NUST MISIS Scientists Develop a Unique Device to Visualize Magnetic Fields

A NUST MISIS research team has managed to solve the problem of determining magnetic fields in space: with the help of a developed magnetometer, it is possible to get accurate information about the strength, configuration, magnitude and even defects of any magnetic field. Scientists will use the device to test magnetic fields and to optimize configurations of magnetic systems in the creation of cost-effective mass models of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for urban clinics and private medical offices.

How to Run Current on a Rusty Wire: NUST MISIS Physicists Discover a Fundamentally New State of Matter at Ultra-High Pressures

A research team of physicists from NUST MISIS, the Ural Branch of RAS (Russia), Tel Aviv University (Israel), the University of Bayreuth (Germany), and Linkoping University (Sweden), have discovered a completely new explanation for a generally accepted physical hypothesis — the phase transition insulator metal — described by Sir Nevill Francis Mott in 1949. New and unexpected properties of materials discovered in the study will be in demand in microelectronics and geophysics as catalysts and sensors: the research results have been published in the prestigious international journal Physical Review X.

NUST MISIS — Gold Medalist at iENA-2018

NUST MISIS took part in iENA-2018, the 70th International “Ideas-Inventions-New Products” Trade Fair, held from November 1st to November 4th, 2018, in Nuremberg (Germany). iENA is one of the world`s oldest major exhibitions of inventions and innovations, demonstrating the latest achievements in the fields of science and technology, as well as contributing to the development of various areas of international cooperation.

Silicon Paradox: NUST MISIS Scientists Discover “Impossible” Material according to the Laws of Modern Chemistry

An international team of physicists and materials scientists from NUST MISIS, Bayerisches Geoinstitut (Germany), Linkoping University (Sweden), and the California Institute of Technology (U.S.) has discovered an “impossible” modification of silica-coesite-IV and coasite-V materials, which shouldn’t exist if modern laws of Chemistry are correct. Their structure is an exception to the generally accepted rules for the formation of chemical bonds in inorganic materials formulated by Linus Pauling, who won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for that discovery. The research results were published in the international scientific journal Nature Communications on November 15th, 2018.

NUST MISIS Professor — Winner of the Scopus Awards Russia 2018

Professor Anvar Zakhidov from NUST MISIS is one of the most cited Russian scientists according to Scopus. The information & analytical company Elsevier, which specializes in science and medicine, announced the names of the most cited scientists according to Scopus’s abstracts and citations from the peer-reviewed scientific literature database. The list includes 19 Russian scientists.

The NTI Center for Competences to Work on Russia`s Secure Communications

On October 31st, 2018, NUST MISIS hosted the opening ceremony of the National Center of Technological Initiative for Quantum Communication technology. Improvement of quantum communications facilities, training world-class specialists in the field of quantum engineering, research in the field of quantum network vulnerability, and the creation of quantum communication systems for satellites are among the Center’s main responsibilities. The center’s financing through 2022 will amount to 2 billion Rubles.

Special Deformation of Nanotubes to Allow them to Change Conductivity

Scientists from the NUST MISIS Laboratory of Inorganic Nanomaterials together with their international colleagues have proved it possible to change the structural and conductive properties of nanotubes by stretching them. This can potentially expand nanotubes’ application into electronics and high-precision sensors such as microprocessors and high-precision detectors. The research article has been published in Ultramicroscopy.

Emergency Energy Assistance: NUST MISIS Engineers Present Mobile Solar Power System

The Hevel Group and the NUST MISIS Kinetica Center of Prototyping of High Complexity together with the R&D Company “Victory” (“Pobeda”) has presented a self-contained mobile power generator that runs on solar energy. The power generator can provide 50 hours of continuous and autonomous electricity in remote geographical locations, including mountainous areas and accident sites.