Scientists from the National University of Science and Technology “MISIS” developed a new type of vibration sensors for devices for structural health monitoring of buildings and bridges, as well as spacecraft. The research article is published in Sensors.
An international team of scientists from the National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, the Central European Institute of Technology and several other universities has developed a biocompatible material with antibacterial properties. The material is planned to be used for bandaging of wound skin, for example, burns and cuts. Such bandages will have a prolonged effect, act locally and, most importantly, will not require changing. The material is self-absorbable, and a new bandage can be put directly on top of the old one. The article about the research is published in Materials and Design.
A team of materials scientists from NUST MISIS together with a team of chemists from MIREA-Russian Technological University have managed to combine a photosensitizer molecule (a converter capable of transmitting the energy of light quanta, available in living tissues, into oxygen and turning it into an active form and highly active radicals, which have a cytotoxic effect) with a magnetic nanoparticle to create an innovative therapeutic system to combat cancer. The nanoparticle is a controlled “locomotive” which researchers have learned to deliver locally to a tumor and track by MRI, and as a therapeutic component, the photosensitive molecule serves as an effective liquidator of pathology. The study results have already been tested in-vivo and published in the international scientific journal Journal of Colloid and Interface Science.
Every invention from NUST MISIS scientists presented at the International Invention and Design Competition 2018, held in Hong Kong from December 5th to 7th, 2018, received an award, including two gold medals, a silver medal, and various special prizes from international organizations.
NUST MISIS engineers have proposed an innovative strategy of an additive printing of metal parts in a complex shape: the discovered ability to print cellular structures in their basis will reduce the weight of these metal parts and give them special properties. The new additive printing will cut the metal parts’ weight in half, while allowing them to maintain their strength. This is extraordinarily promising for engineering vehicles and space crafts.
A NUST MISIS research team has managed to solve the problem of determining magnetic fields in space: with the help of a developed magnetometer, it is possible to get accurate information about the strength, configuration, magnitude and even defects of any magnetic field. Scientists will use the device to test magnetic fields and to optimize configurations of magnetic systems in the creation of cost-effective mass models of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for urban clinics and private medical offices.
A research team of physicists from NUST MISIS, the Ural Branch of RAS (Russia), Tel Aviv University (Israel), the University of Bayreuth (Germany), and Linkoping University (Sweden), have discovered a completely new explanation for a generally accepted physical hypothesis — the phase transition insulator metal — described by Sir Nevill Francis Mott in 1949. New and unexpected properties of materials discovered in the study will be in demand in microelectronics and geophysics as catalysts and sensors: the research results have been published in the prestigious international journal Physical Review X.
NUST MISIS took part in iENA-2018, the 70th International “Ideas-Inventions-New Products” Trade Fair, held from November 1st to November 4th, 2018, in Nuremberg (Germany). iENA is one of the world`s oldest major exhibitions of inventions and innovations, demonstrating the latest achievements in the fields of science and technology, as well as contributing to the development of various areas of international cooperation.
An international team of physicists and materials scientists from NUST MISIS, Bayerisches Geoinstitut (Germany), Linkoping University (Sweden), and the California Institute of Technology (U.S.) has discovered an “impossible” modification of silica-coesite-IV and coasite-V materials, which shouldn’t exist if modern laws of Chemistry are correct. Their structure is an exception to the generally accepted rules for the formation of chemical bonds in inorganic materials formulated by Linus Pauling, who won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for that discovery. The research results were published in the international scientific journal Nature Communications on November 15th, 2018.
Professor Anvar Zakhidov from NUST MISIS is one of the most cited Russian scientists according to Scopus. The information & analytical company Elsevier, which specializes in science and medicine, announced the names of the most cited scientists according to Scopus’s abstracts and citations from the peer-reviewed scientific literature database. The list includes 19 Russian scientists.
On October 31st, 2018, NUST MISIS hosted the opening ceremony of the National Center of Technological Initiative for Quantum Communication technology. Improvement of quantum communications facilities, training world-class specialists in the field of quantum engineering, research in the field of quantum network vulnerability, and the creation of quantum communication systems for satellites are among the Center’s main responsibilities. The center’s financing through 2022 will amount to 2 billion Rubles.
Scientists from the NUST MISIS Laboratory of Inorganic Nanomaterials together with their international colleagues have proved it possible to change the structural and conductive properties of nanotubes by stretching them. This can potentially expand nanotubes’ application into electronics and high-precision sensors such as microprocessors and high-precision detectors. The research article has been published in Ultramicroscopy.
The Hevel Group and the NUST MISIS Kinetics Center of Prototyping of High Complexity together with the R&D Company “Victory” (“Pobeda”) has presented a self-contained mobile power generator that runs on solar energy. The power generator can provide 50 hours of continuous and autonomous electricity in remote geographical locations, including mountainous areas and accident sites.
For the first time ever, an international team of scientists from NUST MISIS, the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the University of Namur (Belgium), and Korea Research Institute for Standards & Science has managed to trace in details the structural changes of two-dimensional molybdenum disulfide under long-term environmental impact. The new data narrows the scope of its potential application in microelectronics and at the same time opens up new prospects for the use of two-dimensional materials as catalysts. The research results have been published in the international scientific journal Nature Chemistry.
A research team from the NUST MISIS Department of Pressure Metal Treatment has developed a new technology which simplifies the process of hot rolling seamless pipes made of alloy and high-alloy steel. The consistent use of two mandrels, tools that turn an unruly steel billet into a hollow “sleeve”, is a distinctive feature of the technology. The research article on this development to accelerate the process and improve the wear resistance of tools has been published in The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology.
Scientists have learned how to observe the processes of oncolytic viruses in cancer cells in real time. For the first time ever, a group of scientists from NUST MISIS and the University of Calgary (Canada) has managed to apply the technique of intravital microscopy to study the interaction of oncolytic viruses with both tumor and healthy cells of the body. The researchers have presented a technological development that can visually observe how the virus behaves in the tissues of a living organism. The research results have been published in international scientific journal Molecular Therapy Oncolytics.
At the International Military-Technical Forum “ARMY-2018” NUST MISIS will present a unique conceptual model of military gear that can recognize the enemy, communicate with the squad, & neutralize anti-personnel mines, a neurointerface for communication with patients who have suffered a stroke, a fire-fighting suit for rescuers, destruction sensors, and other new high-tech materials.
On the request of PAO Severstal, one of the world`s largest metallurgical steel companies, NUST MISIS scientists have developed a new alloy called SeverCorr for oil-field pipelines that reduces the environmental risks of oil production and increases its efficiency.
A research team from the NUST MISIS Laboratory of Superconducting Metamaterials led by Alexey Basharin, Senior Lecturer and Candidate of Technical Sciences, has developed a metamaterial-dielectric that has unique characteristics and is easy to manufacture. This ease of access will allow researchers to use it to create the latest optical devices. The research results were published in Laser&Photonics Reviews.
Researchers from the NUST MISIS Center of Composite Materials and Biomimetix have demonstrated how their sandwich-panel development absorbs physical pressure. The punching process was recorded by a special camera that shoots video at a speed of 30,000 frames per second.