Science achievements

Russian Scientists Develop World Most-Sensitive Photon Video Detector

Scientists from NUST MISIS National Technological Initiative Center “Quantum Communications” are developing the world’s first prototype of an infrared photon video detector. This will be a camera so powerful that it would be able to track the movement of single particles. The camera will be equipped with a 1000-pixel matrix, and such a system will be used in a number of areas where high-precision measurements are required: secure communications, including satellite ones, quantum computing, and diagnostic medicine. The development is carried out within a contract with the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation.

Scientists Discover New Remarkable Materials Properties at Ultrahigh Pressure

An international team of scientists from NUST MISIS (Russia), Linköping University (Sweden) and University of Bayreuth (Germany) found that, contrary to the usual physical and chemical laws, the structure of some materials does not condense at ultrahigh pressures. Actually, it forms a porous framework filled with gas molecules. This happened with samples of Os, Hf, and W put together with N in a diamond anvil at a pressure of one million atmospheres. The discovery is described in Angewandte Chemie.

Ash from Power Stations To Be Processed into Reagents for Water Purification

Russian metallurgists proposed to dissolve the ash waste of thermal power stations with hydrochloric acid at high pressure. The resulting compounds can be used for water treatment at water utilities and thermal power stations themselves. The method has already shown effective deposition of impurities in water from Moskva river. The description of the technology is published by scientists from NUST MISIS and a number of other universities in Journal Cleaner Production. The research is funded Russian science Foundation under the Presidential Program for Research Projects.

Russian Scientists Developed the Most Heat-Resistant Material Ever

Group of scientists from NUST MISIS developed a ceramic material with the highest melting point among currently known compounds. Due to the unique combination of physical, mechanical and thermal properties, the material is promising for use in the most heat-loaded components of aircraft, such as nose fairings, jet engines and sharp front edges of wings operating at temperatures above 2000 °C. The results are published in Ceramics International.

Implants Will Survive Up to 6 Times More Effectively

Scientists from NUST MISIS and Gamalei Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology found a way to increase the survival efficiency of skull polymer implants by an average of 4-6 times doping it with proteins. This means that the patient would recover faster, and in the future the newly grown bone would be able to withstand the same loads as before the operation. An article about the development is published in Polymer Testing.

Scientists Developed Bioactive Material with Combinatory Antibacterial Effect

Scientists from NUST MISIS developed a bioactive coating for titanium implants that can completely destroy bacteria. Its special porous structure with bioactive components in its composition would accelerate the implant’s survival, and the combinatorial action of active oxygen forms and silver ions will ensure the effective destruction of various bacterial strains. An article about the development is published in the international journal Applied Surface Science.

Qubits Will Operate at Room Temperature

Scientists from NUST MISIS (Russia) together with colleagues from Sweden, Hungary and USA found a way to manufacture stable qubits that would operate at room temperature, in contrast to the majority of existing analogues. This opens up new prospects for creating a quantum computer. Moreover, the results of the research can already be used to create high-accuracy magnetometers, biosensors and new quantum Internet technologies. The article is published in Nature Communications.

New Graphene-Based Material to Extend Life of Storage Devices

International group of Russian and Japanese scientists developed a material that will significantly increase the recording density in data storage devices, such as SSDs and flash drives. Among the main advantages of the material is the absence of rewrite limit, which will allow implementing new devices for Big Data processes. The article on the research is published in Advanced Materials.